Your baby’s vision development – step by step

Did you know that your baby’s vision develops over a period of time (12 months to be exact).  It’s important that we aid our baby’s sight skills by understanding their sight milestones and introducing relevant toys and objects.  Below is a brief summary of the developmental sight milestones as well as tips to help improve their sight along the way.

Birth – 2 months: When your baby is first born their vision is ‘fuzzy’ and they can only see faces or objects up to 6-10 inches away (albeit very ‘cloudy’).  The only colours they can see are shades of grey, black and white.  This is a great time to offer contrast black and white patterned books, objects or toys to your baby.

2-3 months: Your baby will find it easier to focus on specific objects in his environment and recognise faces.  They may even start responding to your smile with a smile of their own.  This is also the age that they become aware of different shades of colour and hence will show preference between brighter shades.  A great time to introduce vividly colourful objects and toys to your child.

3-4 months: They can see right up to approx 10 feet away and focus on smaller objects.  This is when they should start to follow moving objects and reach out for things.  A great chance to offer them large objects (designed for babies) that they can attempt to grasp.

5-7 months: Your baby’s colour vision is robust and he can clearly differentiate between different shades of colour and enjoy more complex patterns. They can also start to see a 3 dimensional view of the world as they begin to pull themselves up to a sitting position.  This is when you can introduce books with large, bright coloured pictures.

12 months:  Your baby’s eye sight has fully developed and he can finally see the way an adult see’s.  Another interesting fact is that his eye colour has also almost reached the final colour they will be for the rest of his life (they will only change ever so slightly now right up to the age of 2).